Structural Power of Thai Internet before 2006-Coup & Its Political Action (English presentation)

July 27, 2011

[download PDF : 20 slides]

These slides were presented in the 2nd Asia-Pacific Science, Technology and Society (APSTS) Conference at Northeastern University, Shenyang, China during 19-20 July 2011. I met a lot of scholars from the sub-discipline of “Science, Technology Studies” (STS), in which still in the embryo stage in Thailand.

The content this presentation is not new. It was a part of my PhD dissertation (2010). The content was edited English version of what I had presented or published before at least in two place. The middle parts have been presented in Thai version entitled “Structural Power of Technological System : A Case Study of Internet in Thailand Before 2006-Coup d’ Etat” in The 11th National Congress on Political Science and Public Administration of Thailand (November 25-26, 2010). Some of ending slides was the content published as published in “The Internet & Nonviolent Struggle: The Anti-government movement in Thailand 2005-06”, Social Alternatives. Issue 3. September 2010.

[download PDF : 20 slides]

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Internet & Nonviolent Struggle: Anti-government movement in Thailand 2005-06

November 30, 2010

published in “The Internet & Nonviolent Struggle: The Anti-government movement in Thailand 2005-06”, Social Alternatives. Issue 3. September 2010. [PDF – 7 หน้า A4]

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This article is a part of my PhD dissertation, in which I first submitted to Social Alternatives journal 2 years ago, nearby the period that Thai Suwannabumi International Airport was blockade by the anti-government movement at the end of 2008. To reachs the international standard according to the editor, the article was revised 3-4 times. Finally, it was just published in the September 2010 issue.

In this article, I try to  point out that in order to make an internet-based political movement possible, the technological infrastructure system is so important issue. Hence, struggling to destroy and to protect the infrastructural system is another crucial battlefield in internet-aged political movement.

Here, I used Manager Online & ASTV during the anti-Thaksin government event between 2005-2006 as the case study to explain my argument. [Download this paper]

I have illustrate the technological system that was used for oust Thaksin government and send it to the editor of Social Alternatives journal, but was not attached in the article. So, I post it here as follow:

This article is, always, questioned whether the PAD (People Alliance for Democracy) movement, in which its media-technology wing is Manager Group, is nonviolence or not, esp. according to three violent events in 2008. I answered this question  a bit in this article. For whole answer, please refer to another of my article, “Nonviolence of PAD and 3 Questions that Nonviolent Activists Must Answer” (but apology for it’s in Thai.)

[Download this paper]


Structural Power of Technological System : A Case Study of Internet in Thailand Before 2006-Coup d’ Etat (Thai article)

November 30, 2010

[download PDF]

presented in The 11th National Congress on Political Science and Public Administration (of Thailand) at College of Politics and Governance, Mahasarakham University, Thailand. November 25-26, 2010.

Abstract

In every society, technologies involved penetratively in daily life of people are always political inherence. Power embedded within its structure significantly shaped human activities, especially political ones. Nevertheless, social and political research on such topic is hardly found in Thai academic circle.

This article investigates structural power of internet technological system in Thailand. Historical research is conducted focusing on the period of 1990s―when the internet was introduced into Thailand ― and the coup d’ etat in 2006 which marked the crossroad of Thai internet system. Two important phenomena involved the coup event:

(1) internet has an important political role in anti-Thaksin government phenomenon;

(2) the Computer Crime Act. B.E.2550 was passed to change the structural power of Thai internet dramatically. Research method is comprised of examine primary and secondary document, and in-depth interview with key informants.

In this study, Thai internet was analysed through the matrix of technology and power. The internet technology was examined through three layers (row): infrastructure layer, access layer, and content layer. Structural power of internet was investigated within three dimensions (column): technological structure, ownership or authorship, and institutional dimension.

By these frameworks, the research found that in term of technological structure and ownership/authorship, the content layer of Thai internet is least centralized and monopolized. Whereas access layer is much more, and infrastructure layer is the most.

For institutional dimension, the power exercises in style of formal and informal one. Regarding the formal style of power, internet content is the most layer which was intervened from the power, especially in the form of censorship and web block. Three major bureaus are Ministry of Information and Communication Technology, Cyber-Inspector, and Department of Public Relation. However, there is a ‘check and balance’ system using the judicial system, such as the Civil Court, the Administrative Court, and the Constitutional Court. Concerning the informal institutional power, it exercises in the form of influences and pressures and appeared mainly on the internet access layer. The power embedded within the structure of Thai internet technological system explained above played its significant role in the anti-Thaksin government phenomenon during 2005-2006.

Keywords: Internet Technology / Structural Power / Anti-Thaksin government phenomenon (2005-2006)

[download full article (in Thai) – PDF: 17 pages A4 – click here]


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